Summer Palace (颐和园) is the largest and most complete existing royal garden, reputed as the royal garden museum. Located in Haidian district, about 15km from Beijing center, Summer Palace covers an area of 290 hectares.
Its predecessor was the Garden of Clear Ripples (Qingyiyuan) started in 1750 and burned down by the British and French allied troops in 1860. In 1886, Empress Dowager Cixi used navy outlays and other funds in the reconstruction and renamed the park as Summer Palace in 1888.The Summer Palace in northwest suburban Beijing is the largest and most complete imperial garden existing in China.
Summer Palace mainly consists of Longevity Hill (Washoushan) and Kunming Lake. Covering an area of 290.8 hectares. Of which 3/4 is covered by water.
Hill-and water- surrounded palaces, temples and garden buildings are divided into three areas: The palace area, with the Hall of Benevolence and Longevity (Renshoudian) as the center, where Cixi held court from behind a screen in most time of her late years.
The residence area, with Yulan Hall, Leshou Hall and Yiyun Hall as main bodies , where the emperor and empress lived before death; the tour area integrating landscape, buildings, flower and plants, a place of tour and rest for rulers of that time.
As the building center in the whole Palaces, the Tower of Buddhist Incense (Foxiangge) stands highly relying on the Hill and facing to the water. The water surface of Kunming Lake is spacious like sky, charming, gentle and appealing. In the vast mist- covered water stand the magic hills and wonder islands; the Seventeen-arch Beidge spans the green water like a rainbow. The West Dike of the lake runs from north to south. Forming a God-fiven scene together with six graceful bridges.
It is a imperial garden most completely reseved with richest landscapes and concentrated buildings. The Summer Palace was added to the world cultural heritage list in 1998.
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Roy Li's Beijing Tours
Welcome to China and Beijing. My name is Roy Li, a professional English tour guide & tour operator and I have the guide certificate issued by the Beijing government. I have been a tour guide and tour operator since 2010! China is one of the four ancient civilizations, and I am proud of great Chinese history, but I know every country has its own unique and excellent culture. I am really happy to share everything about China with my travelers, come and see China with us!
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